Orpea is a major operator of care homes and clinics across Europe. Founded by Dr. Jean-Claude Marian in 1989, it has been criticized for care home residents in France, union repression and embezzlement of public funds. Two years after Orpea bought up a home in Boissise-le-Roi in 2013, 28 families wrote to the Minister of Health to complain that the quality of care provided to residents had deteriorated because the company did not employ enough staff. Similar allegations were brought against Orpea at homes in Le Mans and Schiltigheim in 2016; in Niort and Échillais in 2017; and in Neuilly-sur-Seine in 2018. In Schiltigheim, Orpea was accused of changing the diapers of the elderly just once a day and changing bandages just once a week.


Retirement homes, care clinics


Violation data is still being gathered for Orpea Groupe at this time.

Information in this section is drawn from the Violation Tracker database produced by the Corporate Research Project of Good Jobs First in Washington DC. It is the most comprehensive source of data on business violations of laws and regulations in the United States. For specific examples of misconduct, please click on the links.


Article Archive

France: Scandal, complaints, investigations: the dark year of Orpea

Published by
France TV

Des dizaines d’EHPAD Orpea ont été perquisitionnés partout en France aujourd’hui, jour où le groupe devait présenter son nouveau plan de transformation pour tenter de convaincre que ses établissements ont bel et bien changé depuis le début du scandale.

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Europe: ORPEA puts the health of its employees and residents in danger

Published by
European Public Service Union

While France is experiencing a massive health crisis with 40 000 new Covid-19 cases per day and 165 deaths, the management of the ORPEA group, Europe’s largest multinational company providing elderly and other forms of care, continues to ignore public health measures put in place by the French go

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France: At Orpea, the end of life comes at a high price

Published by
Mathilde Goanec

L’habit ne fait pas le moine, et c’est encore plus vrai pour les maisons de retraite. Dans l'établissement Les Bords de Seine du groupe Orpea de la très chic ville de Neuilly, près de Paris, les codes du luxe sont posés dès l’entrée.

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France: Orpea, Korian ... In lucrative nursing homes, the elders pay a high price

Published by
Nadège Dubessay

Elle s’en souvient comme si c’était hier. L’aide-soignant entre dans la chambre brusquement. Ni bonjour ni même un simple regard. Sans un mot, il ôte la protection urinaire de la vieille dame. Puis repart aussi vite qu’il est venu. C’était il y a presque vingt ans.

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Videos & Podcasts
France: Nursing home employees on strike to denounce the mistreatment of the elderly


France: Malfunctions in Orpea nursing home: testimony from the son of a former resident in Vence
France: Scandal in ORPEA retirement homes
Belgium: Abuse in nursing homes: Victor Castanet, the author of the book "Les Fossoyeurs" speaks to BFMTV
Belgium: Orpea Scandal: more and more mistreatment testimonies
France: Lionel, whose father died in an Orpea nursing home, will take legal action
The French state announces it will file a complaint against Orpea
Belgium: Orpea: the anger of families
Other Key Sources
  • Mirador's profile on Orpea - Mirador is a project of the Belgium-based NGO Research Group for an Alternative Economic Strategy (GRESEA), which monitors abuse carried out by the largest multinational corporations in Belgium and the world.


Recent & Ongoing Campaigns
France: After 45 days of strike, the care workers of Domidom in Caen won their case

Margaux Rousset | Le Bonhomme Libre | December 2, 2022

After 45 days of fighting, the ten carers from Domidom (Orpea group) have signed an agreement with management.

France: Orpea: nearly 500 employees on strike in 30 establishments this Friday, according to the CGT

France TV Info | June 3, 2022

The employees launched a strike after the decision taken in mid-May by Orpea not to pay them a profit-sharing bonus in 2022.

France: After the Orpea scandal, nursing homes on strike: "We can't take this assembly line work anymore!"

Cassandre Leray | Libération | March 8, 2022

Nearly 200 people gathered Tuesday morning in front of the Orpea headquarters in Puteaux. The staff of nursing homes, from both the public and private sector, denounced the suffering of employees and the mistreatment of residents.

France: Orpea: employees of a nursing home near Marseille on strike

Stéphane Burgatt | Europe 1 | January 28, 2022

Employees of an Orpea retirement home, near Marseille, expressed their anger on Thursday by going on a two-hour strike. A first in the history of their establishment. They denounce "institutional mistreatment" caused by a glaring lack of means.

Spain: Workers protest against private care homes

Crónica Madrid | November 22, 2021

They will start this Monday, at 4:30 p.m., at the Orpea Aravaca Residence, where they maintain that "there have been three dismissals and seven sanctions against nursing assistants," the union said in a statement.

Strike in Belgian ORPEA elderly home – lack of staff hurts quality of care

European Public Service Union | March 4, 2020

Workers in an elderly care home of the French multinational ORPEA in the town of Waterloo organized a strike picket 3 March. They expressed their distress over the lack of staff which impacts on the quality of the care delivered. This increases the workload and leads to stress for workers...

UNI Affiliates Protest at Orpea’s Illegal Dismissal of Union Representative in Poland and its Anti-Union Behaviour

UNI Global Union | June 4, 2019

The unions are calling on Orpea to immediately reinstate Anna Bacia who was dismissed on trumped up charges, solely because she became a union representative. Anna, a physiotherapist with 16 years-service at Orpea, and a single mother of two children, was sacked on 10th April.

Health workers and unions protest against anti-union practices of the ORPEA group in Germany

European Public Service Union | September 28, 2018

Today health workers and their trade unions organise a protest and mobilisation in Berlin against the anti-union practices of the ORPEA multinational care company. Jan Willem Goudriaan, General Secretary of EPSU, will be one of the speakers, together with colleagues from ver.di.

Spain: Workers at Orpea nursing home in Marbella protest demanding decent working conditions

M95 Televisión | June 27, 2018

More than thirty workers from the Orpea Group's nursing home in Puerto Banús protested this Tuesday against the company's repeated labor violations.

France: Niort: strike day at the Orpea Sevret nursing home

Coralie Roland | France TV Info | November 15, 2017

A day of strikes was organized this Wednesday by employees of the Orpea Sevret nursing home in Niort. According to them, working conditions have recently deteriorated considerably in this establishment.

Major Investigations
& Lawsuits
France: Even more legal proceedings against Orpea

Franck Bouaziz | Libération | January 24, 2023

The company is being prosecuted both for mistreatment of residents and for financial embezzlement. It is also being accused of union repression.

The Orpea scandal: the group of private retirement homes ordered to reimburse 55.8 million euros to the French state

France TV Info | August 12, 2022

The private group of retirement homes, accused of having mistreated residents and embezzled public funds, has been ordered to reimburse the French state a sum of 55.8 million euros...

French police launch searches in disgraced Orpea Group nursing homes

RFI | November 16, 2022

Several searches were launched on Tuesday in establishments belonging to France's Orpea nursing home group, as part of a preliminary investigation into allegations of "institutional abuse".

Investigation: High commissions, unlimited bonuses: revelations about Orpea and its purchasing center in Switzerland

Laetitia Cherel | France TV Info | May 19, 2022

While in some nursing homes of the Orpea group, the meal budget barely exceeds four euros per day, its Swiss headquarters demands significant commissions from its suppliers. Radio France's investigation unit was able to document these practices thanks to unpublished internal documents.

France: 80 family complaints filed against the Orpea group

Nice Matin | April 5, 2022

Nearly 80 complaints from families of residents were filed Monday before the Nanterre public prosecutor's office against the Orpea group, in particular for "endangering others" and "manslaughter", lawyer Sarah Saldmann told AFP, confirming information from Le Parisien.

France: The Orpea Case: The government's investigation report on the private nursing home group is damning

20 Minutes | April 5, 2022

A second investigation which confirms the first. The government published an administrative investigation report on the private nursing home group Orpea on Tuesday. 500 pages which show that “doubt has no place in this affair”, observed the Minister of Health, Olivier Véran.

Belgium: 4 of the 7 Orpea nursing homes in Brussels that received complaints are now being investigated

L'Avenir | March 2, 2022

Several Brussels nursing homes of the Orpea Group were the subject of complaints in 2021. This was revealed on February 2, 2022 by the Brussels Minister of Health Alain Maron (Ecolo). 7 establishments have been reported out of the 20 (and 1 service residence) owned by the French group in the capital region.

Orpea Ex-CEO Faces Insider-Trading Probe, French Prosecutor Says

Gaspard Sebag | Bloomberg | February 14, 2022

Orpea SA’s former chief executive officer faces an insider-trading investigation into transactions carried out before the publication of a book that contained allegations that the nursing-home operator mistreated elderly people in its care, sending the shares into a tailspin.

Frace: Orpea receives three complaints over "union discrimination"

Libération | February 4, 2022

"We have long had suspicions about unacceptable actions by management, but the testimonies and evidence provided by Victor Castanet's book will allow us to take legal action", explains Guillaume Gobet, CGT manager and former cook at Orpea.

France: "I was offered 15 million euros to not publish my investigation", claims Victor Castanet

Sud Ouest | January 26, 2022

His investigation published in the book "The Gravediggers" places the nursing home provider Orpea at the heart of the turmoil. Journalist Victor Castanet admitted to having been pressured not to publish this investigation which exposed the poor living conditions of residents.

France: Paris court will investigate the spies posing as employees of the Orpea group

Timothée Boutry | Le Parisien | January 26, 2015

The Paris court will investigate the curious practices of the private group Orpea-Clinea, a heavyweight in the management of clinics and retirement homes, suspected of having used false employees to spy on its workers.

Employment Practices
& Relations
France: Orpea: Hundreds of employees have not been paid since the beginning of the year

20 Minutes | March 6, 2023

Most cases concern employees on fixed-term contracts, which are therefore more precarious. These problems salaries allegedly go as far back as December 2022.

'Putrid odors' and 'massive bedsores': Appalling neglect in Austrian nursing home

Jean-Baptiste Chastand | Le Monde | September 15, 2022

In a report made public on September 8, The Austrian Human Rights Defender revealed serious shortcomings at a Salzburg nursing home owned by the French company Orpea.

France: Orpea: union elections canceled within the care home group

Le Parisien | September 12, 2022

The courts ruled in favor of the CGT, CFDT and FO unions, which demanded new elections.

Spain: CSIF warns that the Orpea residence staff is "physically and mentally exhausted"

Huelga Información | April 20, 2022

The trade union argues that the staff bears a huge work overload since the casualties of the staff are not being covered and most of the staff is performing functions that do not correspond to them. In addition, CSIF explains that several employees on leave of absence must be added to these casualties.

At Orpea’s care homes in France, permanent contracts are nowhere to be found

Leïla Miñano and Benoît Drevet | Investigate Europe | February 2, 2022

Orpea, the leading player in Europe's for-profit elder care industry, has according to an IE investigation, been using irregular employment contracts at its nursing homes in France.

Spain: "You pressed the emergency button and you could die waiting": complaints from residents of Orpea

SAS Madrid | February 2, 2022

"You didn't have time to attend to all the requests, the food was given in a hurry, sometimes causing choking...", says Alejandro Salado, a former employee of Orpea El Escorial.

Belgium: Orpea nursing homes: “During the 34 months of her stay, mum never took a shower”

Frédéric Delepierre | Le Soir | February 1, 2022

She died there at the age of 94 during the December 2020 lockdown. "Because of a lack of care", according to her daughter.

Germany: Layoffs at Celenus: Stunned, Angry, Combative

Ver.di | April 23, 2018

The two dismissed trade unionists at the Celenus (German subsidiary of Orpea) clinic in Bad Langensalza, Thuringia, do not want to back down. Solidarity flows in from all over Germany.

France: Le Mans: employees at nursing home speak out about grotesque working conditions

Boris Hallier | France Bleu | November 8, 2016

Lack of communication, dismissive attitude towards employees, degradation of services... The complaints against the management of the Orpea des Sablons retirement home of the employees are numerous.

France: Spying on employees: a “deal” of 4 million euros was offered to the CGT Union

Mathilde Goanec and Mathilde Mathieu | Mediapart | April 23, 2015

But behind this jargon, the Franco-Canadian company, one of the world's largest operators of retirement homes and private clinics, has in fact injected three "moles" among its employees, responsible for spying on union members in particular.

Belgium: Orpea: "The staff is overloaded and we, the residents, suffer from it"

Julien Vlassenbroeck | RTBF | March 16, 2015

From her small, pretty and comfortable accommodation, Jacqueline (not her real name) welcomes us to her Brussels residence managed by the Orpea group. She tells us how the working conditions seem to have deteriorated over the several years that she has been working here. This is detrimental to the well-being of residents.

France: Abuse called out in a retirement home

Claudia Chin and Nele Vandenbempt | Le Parisien | January 7, 2015

28 families of residents of the Le Village retirement home (managed by Orpea) in Boissise-le-Roi, recently wrote to the Minister of Health, the mayor of Seine-et-Marne, the departmental director of competition and the repression of fraud and finally to the public prosecutor of Melun.

Top investors to call for improved working conditions in care homes

Elizabeth Howcroft | Reuters | March 31, 2021

A group of investors managing a collective $3 trillion in assets will call on operators of nursing homes to improve pay and working standards for care workers, noting the “devastating outcomes” of the Covid-19 pandemic on the industry.

Spain: The first collective lawsuit of relatives for deaths by Covid in nursing homes filed in Jaén

Europa Press | February 18, 2021

Specifically, the lawsuit was brought forward by six family members of residents who died at the Orpea de Andújar Residence (Jaén), where 14 residents died during the second wave of the coronavirus pandemic in Spain.

Spain: The CCOO union condemns the lack of protection against Covid-19 for of the Córdoba care homes

El Día de Córdoba | October 28, 2020

Given the seriousness of the situation and the impact, "we know that medicalization has currently been required due to the high rate of contagion in the Orpea Centro (Córdoba), Orpea Sierra (Córdoba), Vitalia Residence (Alcolea), Domusvi Residence Immaculate Conception (Puente Genil)...

Spain: Almost 50% of the residences of Orpea in the Community of Madrid are under the magnifying glass of the Justice System

Pablo Recio | 65 y más | July 21, 2020

These centers would accumulate more than a hundred deaths from Covid-19, according to workers and relatives, in a region that has been one of the most affected by the virus and where almost 5,000 people have died in nursing homes with coronavirus or related symptoms.

Spain: “My mother was not given the option of going to the hospital to recover”

Ricardo Sánchez Rico | El Norte de Castilla | June 3, 2020

Pilar Martín Calonge did not leave the Orpea care home until she entered the Hortega River to die on April 18 at the age of 83, a victim of the virus, which also infected her husband.

Spain: Relatives and residents of the Orpea Alcobendas care home ask for intervention after 17 deaths

Virginia Gómez | El Mundo | April 10, 2020

Relatives and residents have filed a complaint against the Orpea Alcobendas nursing home for the "negligent" lack of human and material resources that it provides in its fight against the coronavirus.

Spain: Workers at the Orpea Loreto residence in Madrid condemn the company hiding Covid-19 deaths

Fernando Peinado, Juan Diego Quesada and Manuel Viejo | El País | March 22, 2020

The multinational Orpea is hiding an outbreak of coronavirus that has caused at least 16 deaths in ten days at its Loreto nursing home, in the west of Madrid, according to workers' complaints.


Corporate Headquarters
Tour Horizon 52 Quai De Dion Bouton 92806 Puteaux
Most Recent Gross Revenue
$5.08 billion (2022) | source
Most Recent Net Revenue
$70.78 million (2021) | source
Stock Exchange Tickers
Euronext: ORP
Major Funders
Canadian Pension Funds Are Financing the Exploitation of the Elderly

Tom Fraser | Jacobin | March 20, 2022

The Canadian Pension Plan (CPP) is a 15 percent stakeholder in Orpea. The exposé has put a magnifying glass on the privatized long-term care system and raised an uncomfortable question for Canadians: Why are our retirements contingent upon the exploitation of the elderly?

BlackRock raises stake in scandal-hit French care group Orpea's capital

Dominique Vidalon | Reuters | February 25, 2022

Asset manager BlackRock (BLK.N) crossed the 5% threshold in scandal-hit French elderly care home operator Orpea (ORP.PA) following the purchase of shares on and off the market, stock market watchdog AMF said in a regulatory filing on Wednesday.

Subsidy Tracker
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Tax Havens
& Evasion
Lipany holding: Care giant Orpea’s dirty secrets hidden in Luxembourg

Maxence Peigné, Leïla Miñano and Lorenzo Buzzoni | Investigate Europe | May 18, 2022

Orpea, one of the world’s largest care home providers, has relied on an obscure Luxembourg holding named Lipany while expanding in Europe. Since at least 2009, key executives have shifted millions of euros of assets to this parallel structure and committed several irregularities, according to Investigate Europe’s findings. 

Europe: For-profit long-term care company uses shell companies to build property empire

National Union of Public and General Employees | February 25, 2022

At the same it was facing allegations of understaffing, diverting public funds and rationing food and sanitary items, the largest French for-profit long-term care company, ORPEA, was using shell companies to expand its European property portfolio, according to a report released this week.

France: The Orpea group of retirement homes targeted by a National Financial Prosecutor's Office (PNF) investigation

Le Parisien | October 5, 2021

A search took place at the headquarters of the group of nursing homes in Puteaux (Hauts-de-Seine) last March, as part of a preliminary investigation for complicity in tax evasion and aggravated money laundering.

Major Projects
French state-owned bank CDC takes control of Orpea. We must go further for the nationalization of the healthcare sector.

CGT Union | February 6, 2023

The entry of the CDC, and therefore of the French state, into the governance of Orpea is a first concrete action.

The Independent Luxembourg Trade Union Confederation (OGBL) condemns the arrival of Orpea nursing homes in Luxembourg

Maria Monteiro | Luxembourg Times | November 10, 2022

The largest Luxembourgish union deems the government's authorization to Orpea, which is involved in a scandal over the mistreatment of elderly people in France, "incomprehensible".

Luxembourg: Orpea quizzed by family minister amid allegations

Teodor Georgiev | Delano | June 14, 2022

Family minister Corinne Cahen has requested more information from assisted living company Orpea as it looks to open its first care home in Luxembourg amid allegations of mistreatment and embezzlement in France.

Orpea Global Agreement concluded without its unions

Public Service International | April 12, 2022

For Jan Willem Goudriaan, EPSU General Secretary, “This agreement impacts many unions and the workers they represent in ORPEA - but without their active involvement or consent. This is unacceptable.”

France: Ousted Orpea CEO Got 2020 Bonus After Missing Growth Targets

Andy Hoffman and Albertina Torsoli | Bloomberg | February 4, 2022

Yves Le Masne, whose departure from Orpea was announced Sunday following revelations in a book alleging mistreatment of residents in some of the company’s nursing homes in France, was paid 118,256 euros ($133,400) in 2020 bonus payments...

Orpea, one of the companies with the highest mortality rate in the first wave, plans to open 15 new centers in Spain

Pablo García | Info Libre | March 29, 2021

Orpea, the French nursing home giant controlled by a Canadian pension fund, was not spared the catastrophe in senior centers a year ago caused by the pandemic.

Nursing home scandal: finally, Orpea will reimburse everything it owes to the French state

TF1 Info | November 22, 2022

The group of private nursing homes announced on Tuesday, November 22, that it finally agreed to reimburse all of the 55.8 million euros in public money demanded of it by the National Solidarity Fund for Autonomy (CNSA ), for its past bad practices, most of which it had disputed until now. 

France: Orpea Seeks €2 Billion Fresh Funds After Care-Home Scandal

Irene Garcia Perez | Bloomberg | November 4, 2022

Orpea SA plans to ask investors for almost €2 billion ($2 billion) as part of its debt restructuring, according to people familiar with the matter. An equity injection would likely make up about two-thirds of the amount and the rest would come from new senior secured debt, said the people, who asked not to be named discussing private information.

UK: Officials question Orpea's Cork hospital plan

Laura Roddy | The Sunday Times | April 12, 2022

Senior government officials have cast doubts on plans by the French healthcare group Orpea, the biggest owner of nursing homes in the country, to build a large rehabilitation hospital in Cork with the creation of hundreds of jobs.

France: Strike at the hospital: the CGT union does not want the private group Orpéa

Richard Raspes | L'Est Républicain | February 25, 2022

Orpea, via its subsidiary Clinea, specialist in aftercare and rehabilitation, has forged a partnership. A new building will be constructed. The group is the subject of an investigation by the National Financial Prosecutor's Office. The CGT is asking for the suspension of the project.

Brazil: Luxury care home on the shores of Lagoa da Tijuca generates protests from neighboring residents

Quintas da Península | December 6, 2017

A group of neighboring residents, fearing possible environmental damage and urban irregularities, approached the Public Prosecutor's Office and organized a petition against the undertaking... The care home will be built by the French group Orpea Clinea, on land that belongs to Carvalho Hosken, builder of the Península.


France: Orpea accused of having misused public money in its nursing homes

Solveig Godeluck | Les Echos | March 22, 2022

The General Inspectorates of Social Affairs (IGAS) and Finance (IGF) have indeed confirmed most of the accusations made by journalist Victor Castanet in his investigative book, "Les Fossoyeurs", published at the end of January.

France: The trickle-down effect of public assistance, Orpea style

Sophie Boutboul and Leïla Miñano | Investigate Europe | March 16, 2022

Even as the French state promised "total transparency...especially when the care homes receive public money", former directors of the world’s largest elder care company, Orpea, share how they abused the system for years —under orders from the management.

France: Clinéa: the subsidiary of Orpea which benefits from the creeping privatization of the public hospital

Léo Le Calvez | Basta! Media | March 21, 2022

Subsidiary of Orpea, a company singled out for its management of nursing homes, Clinea is setting up in public hospitals in medium-sized towns. A public-private “cooperation” whose consequences on patients and caregivers are worrying.

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