Amazon is a retail behemoth whose real business is data – Big Data. Founded by Jeff Bezos in 1994, the company relentlessly gathers data every time an individual uses its website or its voice assistant in order to be able to sell more stuff. It is infamous for its use of low paid warehouse workers and delivery drivers who are tasked with delivering a wide variety of products to online shoppers. It also owns one of the world’s largest clusters of ‘cloud’ computer networks (Amazon Web Services) that millions of individuals, businesses and government agencies use to host their data, including the Central Intelligence Agency.
online shopping, data hosting, supermarkets, Alexa voice assistant, Kindle e-book reader
|Top 5 Offense Groups (Groups Defined)||Penalty Total||Number of Records|
(April 7, 2021)
- Seasonal Associate by Heike Geissler (MIT Press, 2018)
How the brutalities of working life are transformed into exhaustion, shame, and self-doubt: a writer's account of her experience working in an Amazon fulfillment center.
Ethical Consumer | January 29, 2021
In 2020, Amazon announced that its key UK business paid just £14.46 million in tax in 2019 - a 3% increase from the previous year, despite pre-tax profits growing by more than 35%. We have estimated that in 2017 Amazon’s tax avoidance from profit shifting alone cost the UK £52million.
Paul Sandle | Reuters | December 3, 2020
More than 400 lawmakers from 34 countries have signed a letter to Amazon.com Inc boss Jeff Bezos backing a campaign that claims the tech giant has “dodged and dismissed … debts to workers, societies, and the planet,” organisers said.
Techxplore | October 15, 2020
The American Booksellers Association has launched an advertising campaign against Amazon to alert the public to what it calls the growing danger that book stores are under from the online goliath during the coronavirus pandemic.
The BBC | 29 November 2019
A union has held protests outside Amazon warehouses to coincide with the Black Friday sales.
Amazon To Pay $61.7 Million to Settle FTC Charges It Withheld Some Customer Tips from Amazon Flex Drivers
Federal Trade Commission | February 3, 2021
Amazon will pay more than $61.7 million to settle Federal Trade Commission charges that it failed to pay Amazon Flex drivers the full amount of tips they received from Amazon customers over a two and a half year period. The FTC’s complaint alleges that the company stopped its behavior only after becoming aware of the FTC’s investigation in 2019.
Antitrust: Commission sends Statement of Objections to Amazon for the use of non-public independent seller data and opens second investigation into its e-commerce business practices
The European Commission | November 10, 2020
The European Commission has informed Amazon of its preliminary view that it has breached EU antitrust rules by distorting competition in online retail markets. The Commission takes issue with Amazon systematically relying on non-public business data of independent sellers who sell on its marketplace ...
Silvia Amaro | CNBC | November 10, 2020
The European Commission said Tuesday that Amazon breached European antitrust rules by using independent sellers’ data for its own benefit.It has also announced a second formal investigation into the company’s e-commerce processes.
Amazon is reportedly facing a new antitrust investigation into its online marketplace led by the FTC and attorneys general in New York and California
Tyler Sonnemaker | The Insider | August 3, 2020
State attorneys general from New York and California have teamed up with the Federal Trade Commission to investigate Amazon's online marketplace, Bloomberg reported Monday. The agencies plan to begin interviewing witnesses in the coming weeks, according Bloomberg.
Annie Palmer | CNBC | October 24, 2020
Amazon warehouse workers have a long history of agitating for change. But the coronavirus crisis has generated new momentum for employees to speak candidly about workplace conditions.
Michael Sainato | The Guardian | May 5, 2020
Amazon’s revenues topped $33m an hour in the first three months of the year as the coronavirus pandemic locked down large parts of the world. The sales boost has handed Amazon the biggest dilemma of its 25-year life: how to deal with a growing chorus of critics within the company. So far its reaction has only made matters worse.
Note: Most recent list is not always the most complete list.
- Amazon.com, Inc Significant Subsidiaries (via U.S. SEC)
- Amazon.com, Inc Significant Subsidiaries - older list (via U.S. SEC)
Croctail Subsidiary Tool using the CorpWatch API - This API uses automated parsers to extract the subsidiary relationship information from Exhibit 21 of companies' 10-K filings with the SEC.
Rupert Neate | The Guardian | May 4, 2021
Fresh questions have been raised over Amazon’s tax planning after its latest corporate filings in Luxembourg revealed that the company collected record sales income of €44bn (£38bn) in Europe last year but did not have to pay any corporation tax to the Grand Duchy.
Matthew Gardner | ITEP | February 3, 2021
Amazon’s winning streak in its battle against the U.S. tax system remains intact. This week the retail giant announced record-breaking sales and income for 2020, and an effective federal income tax rate of just 9.4 percent, less than half the statutory corporate tax of 21 percent.
Rupert Neate | The Guardian | December 2, 2019
The big six US tech firms have been accused of “aggressively avoiding” $100bn (£75bn) of global tax over the past decade.