Exposing corporate wrongdoing
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Raytheon is a major missile manufacturer. Founded in 1922, it makes Patriot & Tomahawk missiles and the GBU- 28, a 5,000-pound "bunker buster" bomb. In addition to missiles, Raytheon also builds sensors and radars used on drone aircraft used in Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan and Yemen. E-Systems, now a Raytheon subsidiary, won a contract to maintain planes for the U.S.-funded Operation Condor to monitor drug trafficking in the Mexican state of Sinaloa in the mid-1970s. A 1985 U.S. congressional study found that the contract was ''a shambles ... There are no adequate records to indicate how the funds have been and are being spent.'' The study also cited incidents of planes being used for joy rides.
Repsol is a fossil fuel exploration company that evolved from a Spanish state venture that was set up in the 1920s. It acquired oil fields and refineries in South America in the 1990s by taking advantage of the wave of privatizations of state-owned oil companies, pushed by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, notably of Yacimientos Petrolíferos Fiscales (YPF) in Argentina. Repsol-YPF has been accused of trampling on the rights of the Lonko Purran community of Mapuche people in the Cerro Bandera oil field in Argentina; as well as the Kugapakori, Machiguenga, Nahua and Yine people of the Urubamba River who are impacted by the Camisea Gas Project in Peru.
Royal Dutch Shell
Royal Dutch Shell is a fossil fuel exploration company. In the Niger River Delta, the company was responsible for an average of 2,976 spills a week between 1976 to 1991, on the land of the Ogoni people. The Ogoni say that Shell was behind the hanging of nine Ogoni activists fighting Shell, including poet Ken Saro-Wiwa. In Durban, South Africa, Shell is a part-owner of the South Africa Petroleum Refinery, where rates of leukemia are 24 times higher than the national average and children suffer 4 times the respiratory problems. Shell operates a chemical plant and a refinery in Norco, Louisiana, in a predominately black district, known as “Cancer Alley.” Seven workers were killed in a 1988 explosion at the refinery.