|NAFTA's Investor ''Rights'': A Corporate Dream, A Citizen Nightmare|
by Mary Bottari, Multinational Monitor
April 1st, 2001
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) includes an array of new corporate investment rights and protections that are unprecedented in scope and power. NAFTA allows corporations to sue the national government of a NAFTA country in secret arbitration tribunals if they feel that a regulation or government decision affects their investment in conflict with these new NAFTA rights.
|The FTAA and the Threat to Democracy|
Council of Canadians
On April 20, the leaders from 34 countries of the Western Hemisphere will meet in Quebec City to negotiate the most far-reaching trade agreement in history -- the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA).
|From APEC to Ashes|
by Walden Bello with Marissa de Guzman, Focus on Trade
September 1st, 1999
It has been ten years since the creation of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). What started out as a lofty dream of encouraging unity and interdependence among Asia Pacific countries is now at the crossroads. It appears to be headed nowhere with no clear vision of what it intends to achieve.
|WORLD: Multinationals and the World Trade Organisation|
World Development Movement
September 1st, 1999
Governments of the rich countries, heavily influenced by corporate lobbyists, have given sweeping rights to multinational companies. These rights are being strictly enforced by the World Trade Organisation (WTO), with disastrous consequences for people around the world.
|Maquiladoras at a Glance|
June 30th, 1999
What exactly are maquiladoras? What do they produce and do they pay a living wage? Which companies operate on the border? These are just a few of the questions answered in our fact sheet and map.
|Health and Environmental Issues|
by Rachel Kamel and Anya Hoffman, The Maquiladora Reader (American Friends Service Committee)
June 30th, 1999
Maquiladora workers voice constant fears about their safety on the job. In the electronics industry alone, workers are exposed to a variety of substances which include xylene, trichloroethylene, zinc and lead oxides, and nitric acid. Not only electronics assembly but other industries as well expose workers to the materials used in thinners, paints, solvents, resins, solders, dyes, flux, and acetone. Exposure to such substances without proper protection can cause cancer, reproductive problems, skin diseases, vision problems, respiratory impairments, gastrointestinal and nervous disorders, and headaches and fatigue.
|Mexican Evolution for Women's Rights|
by Howard LaFranchi, Christian Science Monitor
June 8th, 1999
Guadalupe Aguirre had recently moved to Ciudad Juarez, a US-Mexico border city known for a NAFTA-fed manufacturing boom -- and dozens of murders of poor working women -- and she was frightened and frustrated.
|MEXICO: Girl's Murder Sad Symbol of Corporate Power, Child Labor, Female Exploitation on the Border|
by Dan La Botz, Mexican Labor News and Analysis
March 2nd, 1999
Irma Angelica Rosales, a 13-year-old girl, was raped and murdered on February 16 in the town of Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, just a cross the border from El Paso, Texas. Her very brief life and violent death symbolize everything that is wrong with the social system which U.S. multinational corporations and the U.S. and Mexican government have created on our common border.
|Codes of Conduct and Carmelita: The Real Gap|
by Gerard Greenfield, Asia Monitor Resource Center
September 22nd, 1997
During a two-week period in September 1996, U.S. Department of Labor Officials travelled to six countries -- the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, India and the Philippines -- as part of a major study of codes of conduct in the garment industry. The outcome was a report, The Apparel Industry and Codes of Conduct: A Solution to the International Child Labor Problem? (U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 1996).
|U.S.-Africa Trade Policy: In Whose Interest?|
by Tetteh Hormeku, African Agenda (Third World Network Africa Secretariat)
September 11th, 1997
To outward appearances, Africa's big moment at the Denver Summit of the Eight in June was President Clinton's trade and investment initiative, offering expanded trade concessions to African countries to support further market oriented economic reforms.
|Working Conditions in Sports Shoe Factories in China|
Asia Monitor Resource Centre and Hong Kong Christian Industrial Committee
September 1st, 1997
This report was produced by two non-governmental organizations in Hong Kong: the Asia Monitor Resource Centre and the Hong Kong Christian Industrial Committee. During 1995 and again in 1997, we examined workers' rights and working conditions in the factories of five major subcontractors producing sports shoes in China: Yue Yuen, Nority International, KTP Holdings and Wellco. These factories produce shoes for Nike and Reebok. The first two are Taiwanese companies with factories in southern China, while KTP Holdings is a Hong Kong-based company and Wellco is a South Korean-owned company.
|WORLD: Tobacco's Impact on the International Community|
San Francisco Tobacco Free Coalition and the San Francisco Tobacco Free Project
June 30th, 1997
According to the World Health Organization, in 25 years tobacco related disease will kill 8.4 million people annually -- more than 3.5 times the number of people it kills today. Most of this increase will occur in developing countries where the Tobacco Industry has been working hard to open markets to promote its product, especially to women and youth, to ensure its profits.
|Mexico: Neoliberal Adjustment of the Educational Sector|
Trlateral Coalition in Defense of Public Education, Mexico
February 28th, 1997
This 1997 report for the Third Trinational Conference in Defense of Public Education, held in Vancouver, Canada, explains Mexico's education crisis in the context of structural adjustment.
|Ernst & Young Environmental and Labor Practice Audit|
Ernst & Young
January 13th, 1997
A confidential Ernst & Young audit of labor and environmental conditions inside a Nike factory in Vietnam was leaked to the Transnational Resource & Action Center (TRAC) in 1997. This is the first time that an accounting firm's labor and environmental audit of any apparel company has ever been made public. This internal audit reveals that Nike workers continue to work in hazardous and unjust working conditions. TRAC's report, Smoke From A Hired Gun is an analysis and critique of the Ernst & Young audit that shows that things are even worse than Nike admits.
|What is Neoliberalism?|
by Elizabeth Martinez and Arnoldo Garcia, National Network for Immigrant and Refugee Rights
''Neo-liberalism'' is a set of economic policies that have become widespread during the last 25 years or so. Although the word is rarely heard in the United States, you can clearly see the effects of neo-liberalism here as the rich grow richer and the poor grow poorer.
|Perspective from Mexico|
by Carmen Valadez and Jaime Cota, Race, Poverty & the Environment
September 1st, 1996
In Mexico, The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which took effect on January 1, 1994, has resulted in worsening economic and social conditions and increasing violations of human rights for working people, peasants, aboriginal communities and others.
|In the Name of Fashion: Exploitation in the Garment Industry|
by Hector Figueroa, NACLA Report on the Americas
January 1st, 1996
As you read this article, there is a good chance that you or someone close to you is wearing clothing imported from Latin America. A quick check of the label may reveal that it is a shirt from the Gap made in Honduras, a pair of Lee Ryder jeans made in Brazil, Bali underpants made in Guatemala, a Levi's golf shirt made in the Dominican Republic, or a Haggar sports jacket made in Colombia.