The following op-ed, written by CorpWatch staff person Amit Srivastava, appeared in the Toronto Star on June 16, 2000. Amit and Carwil James of Project Underground were denied entry into Canada by authorities.
Last week I tried to visit Canada. Flying in from the San Francisco area
where I live, I was on my way to give a speech about human rights and the
environment in Calgary. I didn't get past the immigration desk.
Instead of participating in the Counter Petroleum Congress--an activist
event set up to shadow the World Petroleum Congress, a global oil industry
gathering--my colleague Carwil James and I found ourselves detained, jailed
and then handcuffed, shackled and transported in a four foot by four foot
Officials also rifled through and scrutinized all of our possessions,
making copies of my work documents, phone and address lists, handwritten
notes and laptop computer files.
Our crime? Authorities told us that our very short records of misdemeanor
arrests (Carwil has two, I have three) made us undesirable elements. My
last arrest was nine years ago for engaging in non-violent civil
disobedience in protest of the Persian Gulf War. Carwil was arrested last
year while non-violently protesting the World Trade Organization in
Seattle. Canada used this pretext to keep us out of the country.
Informally, immigration officials told us that they had been instructed to
single out people like us coming to Calgary to speak out about the impacts
of oil. Such expression was apparently a menace at a moment when Calgary
was hosting some very important people--the leadership of the largest and
most powerful transnational corporations in the world.
If I would have been allowed into Canada I would have given a speech
pointing out that the oil industry is perhaps the world's single greatest
climate culprit. Just five global corporations-- BP-Amoco, Exxon-Mobil,
Shell, Texaco and Chevron--produce oil that contributes some ten percent of
the world's carbon dioxide emissions--by far the major global warming gas.
In fact, the emissions from the fuel they produce exceed the total of all
greenhouse gasses coming from Central America, South America and Africa
In the speech I never gave, I was ready to tell my audience that the
petroleum industry is also continuing to relentlessly destroy the health
and well being of local communities and ecosystems where profits from oil
are to be found. Be it in the mangrove swamps of the Niger Delta, the far
reaches of the Amazon basin, or the fragile environs of the Arctic, oil
generates social and ecological havoc.
Finally, I would have argued that the non-violent protests being organized
against the World Petroleum Congress in Calgary were part of a growing new
movement for Climate Justice--one which links the local battles for human
rights with the global effort to protect the world's climate. Such a new
social movement is, in turn, part of the broader effort to challenge the
brand of economic globalization that is set up to benefit these and other
Instead I found myself being treated like a common criminal in part of what
appears to have been a paranoid Canadian government effort to assert that
Calgary was not to be another Seattle. Seemingly to prove this point, they
sent us packing--making a mockery of the democratic principles they are
Unfortunately, what happened to us was no isolated incident. Rather it is
part of an emerging pattern of harassment of activists protesting free
trade and globalization. This trend is clearly characterized by various
government initiatives to pre-empt protest.
We saw it in Washington DC prior to the April demonstrations against the
World Bank and IMF. There police used a "fire hazard" technicality to raid
the Convergence center and confiscate protest props such as banners and
giant marionettes. As one witness to the events quipped, "they have kept
Washington safe from puppets."
Apparently following in the footsteps of their U.S. cousins, Canadian
officials in Windsor arrested and jailed U.S. activist David Solnit earlier
this month after, that's right, he finished conducting a puppet making
workshop. The charges against him were the same ones leveled at us--a
misdemeanor conviction more than a decade ago--which made him a threat to
David was released after an immigration review board determined that the
charges against him were wholly unfounded. But the action, together with
the nine foot chain link fence set up to keep protestors far away from the
Organization of American States meeting sent a chill into the Windsor air
as the OAS delegates discussed democracy in Peru.
The end result of this repressive governmental behavior, be it in the
United States, Canada or elsewhere is the stifling of free speech and free
expression in the interest free trade. Their actions are proving our
point. Institutions like the WTO, the World Bank, the OAS and the global
oil corporations are antithetical to democracy. They need, and often use
the police power of the state to protect their interests. We are
accustomed to seeing this power crudely wielded in Burma or Nigeria. But
it can also be deployed (usually in more subtle ways) in Washington D.C.
and Calgary. It just comes as more of a surprise at home.
While I am back in the San Francisco area now, safe and sound, I have
learned one lesson the hard way: With free trade, corporations move easily
across borders, but people, especially those critical of corporate
globalization, apparently cannot.
I take comfort in knowing that millions of people in Canada, the U.S. and
the rest of the world will not be deterred in our efforts to pressure our
governments to put human rights, labor rights, environmental justice and
democracy above the corporate drive for profits.
Amit Srivastava is Climate Justice Coordinator for CorpWatch, www.corpwatch.org monitors the social and environmental effects of globalization.