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Mexico: Environmentalist Found Guilty, Rights Groups Protest

New York Times
August 29th, 2000

MEXICO CITY, Aug. 28 -- In closing a case that has led to outrage among environmental groups around the world, a district judge in the state of Guerrero found Rudolfo Montiel Flores guilty today of drugs and weapons crimes and sentenced him to nearly seven years in prison.

Environmental groups consider Mr. Montiel, 44, a political prisoner, saying his only crime was to organize protests against loggers who were cutting forests around his village north of Acapulco.

Last year, gunmen killed several members of rural ecological group led by Mr. Montiel. In May 1999, Mr. Montiel said that he was detained and tortured by soldiers who forced him to sign statements that confessed to marijuana cultivation and possession of illegal arms.

This summer, the Mexican National Human Rights Commission said that his rights had been violated, that evidence against him had been planted.

Mr. Montiel, a poor indigenous farmer, was arrested and convicted with a friend, Teodoro Cabrera Garca, who was sentenced today to 10 years in prison.

Lawyers for the men pledged to appeal the sentences and to help organize protests to reignite interest in the case.

Leaders of Amnesty International in Mexico City said they would urge President-elect Vicente Fox Quesada to dismiss the sentences against the two men after he takes office in December.

Copyright 2000 The New York Times Company


Mexico: Environmentalist Prisoners of Conscience Convicted

Amnesty International
29 August 2000

The conviction of Rodolfo Montiel and Teodoro Cabrera is a severe blow to human rights in Mexico, Amnesty International said today, reiterating the fact that the charges against the two men are not only fabricated but also based on statements extracted under torture.

The organization pledges to continue its international campaign for the immediate and unconditional release of the two peasant environmentalists.

"This case has once again exposed severe deficiencies in the Mexican judicial system and the apparent collusion between the Mexican State and local economic interests threatened by the environmentalists' campaigning in Guerrero state," the organization added.

"The Mexican authorities have wilfully disregarded the conclusive evidence of the innocence of these two men, thus failing to uphold the rule of law," Amnesty International said.

Background
Rodolfo Montiel and Teodoro Cabrera were illegally detained on 2 May 1999 by the 40th Infantry Battalion of the Mexican Army in the community of Pizotla, Guerrero state. While being held in the incommunicado custody of the military, the detainees were forced to sign self-incriminating confessions and were formally accused of drugs and firearms-related crimes. On 28 August 2000 Montiel was sentenced to six years and 10 months in jail, and Cabrera to 10 years. Their defence lawyers, from the Miguel Agustn Pro Jurez Human Rights Centre, will lodge an immediate appeal.

On 14 July, Mexico's National Commission on Human Rights, a governmental organization, acknowledged that Rodolfo Montiel and Teodoro Cabrera had been illegally detained and tortured by members of the Mexican Army. The report also confirmed that the evidence on which the Military base their charges was planted. After examining Montiel and Cabrera, forensic experts from the Danish section of Physicians for Human Rights concluded that the physical signs and symptoms found coincided conclusively with the timing and methods of torture described by the two activists.

Rodolfo Montiel, one of the founding members of the Organization of Campesino Environmentalists of the Sierra de Petatln and Coyuca de Cataln, was a recipient of this year's Goldman Environmental Prize for his environmental campaigning.

Source: Amnesty International, International Secretariat, 1 Easton Street, WC1X 8DJ, London, United Kingdom





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