Contact l Sitemap

home industries issues reasearch weblog press

Home  » Industries » War & Disaster Profiteering

ENDNOTES

by Fariba NawaSpecial to CorpWatch
May 2nd, 2006

1    Government Accountability Office (GAO), Afghanistan Reconstruction: Despite Some Progress, Deteriorating Security and Other Obstacles Continue to Threaten Achievement of US Goals, July 2005, p. 35-37 and email fromLouis Nicastro, vice-president of LBG, to author, March 12.
2    Author visit to clinic site in Qalai Qazi, October 2005
3    Habibi, Mirwais, Design Issues and Construction Field Report, March 23, 2004
4    Mohammed Saber, interview with author at the clinic, October 2005.
5    Fred Chace, interview with author in Kabul, November, 16, 2005.
6    Joe Stephens and David B. Ottaway, “A rebuilding plan full of cracks,” November, 20, 2005
7    Thomas Nicastro, email to author, March 13, 2005.
8    Abdul Momin Jalali interview with author via telephone, December 2005.
9    Center for Public Integrity website http://www.publicintegrity.org/wow/bio.aspx?act=pro&ddlC=35
10    Alonzo Fulgham, “Normalcy Returning to Afghan Life, Says USAID Head in Kabul,” Washington Times, December 19, 2005, USAID website www.usaid.gov, November 2005
11    UNICEF, WFP and other UN websites providing statistics and date on Afghanistan.
12    GAO report, July 2005, p. 8
13    United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime Afghanistan Opium Survey, 2005.
14    Women opium farmers, interviews with author in Badakhshan province, July 2004.
15    AFP, “Afghan aid ’wastage’ under the spotlight at London conference, January 29, 2006.
16    Ibid.
17    World Bank, Managing Public Finances for Development, December 2005.
18    World Bank, “Aid effectiveness, fiscal outlook in Afghanistan needs further attention,” press release, January 24, 2006.
19    Baz Mohammed Baz, interview with author, November 2005.
20    GAO report, July 2005
21    Ibid
22    USAID official, interview with author, December 2005
23    Afghan-American working with foreign contractors in Kabul, October 2005.
24    DOD Office of the Inspector General, Contracts Awarded to Assist the Global War on Terrorism by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, October 14, 2005.
25    Ibid.
26    Ibid.
27    Ibid, response letters from the Army Corps of Engineers  included in the report.
28    Peggy O’Ban, interview with author, August 30, 2005.
29    Consultant in Washington, DC, interview with author, August 2005.
30    Shiberghan residents interview with author, October 2005.
31    Louis Berger Group, Shiberghan, October 2005
32    Peter Pengelly, interview with author in Shiberghan, October 2005.
33    Shiberghan activists interview with author, October 2005
34    Shiberghan drivers interview with author, October 2005.
35    Contractor interview with author in Shiberghan, October 2005.
36    Habib, interview with author, October 2005.
37    Source in the Shiberghan road campsite, October 2005.
38    Afghan engineer working on Shiberghan road, interview with author, October 2005.
39    Thomas Nicastro, email to author, March 12, 2006.
40    Thomas Nicastro, email to author, March 12, 2006.
41    Fred Chace, interview with author in Kabul, November 16, 2005.
42    Louis Berger management, emails and interview with author, November 2005, March 2006.
43    Interviews with author in Kabul, October 2005.
44    Fred Chace, interview with author, November 16, 2005.
45    Ibid.
46    Insider sources working on the project in Gardez, October 2005.
47    Louis Berger management, emails and interview with author, November 2005, March 2006.
48    Afghan Ministry of Education Construction Department records, Kabul, November 2005.
49    Stephens and Ottoway, Washington Post, November, 20, 2005.
50    Berger engineers in Kabul defended the roof designs in a discussion in Kabul, October 2005.
51    Baz Mohammed Baz, interview with author in Kabul, November 2005.
52    Thomas Nicastro, email to author, March 12, 2006.
53    Source in Kabul, October 2005
54    GAO report, July 2005.
55    Stephens and Ottaway, Washington Post, November 20, 2005
56    Source in Kabul, December 2005.
57    Suzanne Wheeler, phone interview with author, August 2005.
58    Fred Chace, interview with author, November 16, 2005.
59    Fred Chace, email to author, November 18, 2005
60    Ramazan Bachardost, interview with author in Kabul, September 2005.
61    Sources in Kabul, October 2005.
62    Author was a witness to the incident, July 2005.
63    Dr. Ahmad Shah Shokohmand, interview with author in Kabul, October 2005.
64    Afghan engineer, interview with author, October 2005.
65    Chinese supervisor of the renovation at the hospital, would not give his name, interview with author at the hospital, November 2005.
66    Dr. S.M. Amin Fatimie, minister of public health, interview with author, October 2005.
67    Statistics provided by a security agent who has close ties to the US embassy, October 2005
68    Sources inside the embassy in Kabul, phone interview with author, March 2005.
69    Afghan Investment Support Agency statistics, email to author, March 11, 2006.
70    Expatriate security guards, interviews with author.
71    Ministry of Interior statistics, November 2005.
72    Peter Bergen, Rolling Stone Magazine, May 5, 2005.
73    Tom Pattinson, Nick Fielding and Tim Albone, “Briton almost beheaded by Taliban killer,” Sunday Times of London, September 18, 2005.
74    Matthew Pennington, “US supervisor allegedly shot, killed Afghan,” Associated Press, October 1, 2005.
75    Afghan Ministry of Interior sources, December 2005.
76    Fred Chace, interview with author, November 16, 2006.
77    Fazel Ahmed, phone interview with author, March 11, 2006.
78    International Crisis Group, Afghanistan: Getting Disarmament Back on Track, February 23, 2005.
79    Ibid.
80    Afghan businessman in Kabul, phone conversation with USPI management, October 2005.
81    Eric Hanson, “Father of five dies in Afghanistan,” Houston Chronicle, April 27, 2005.
82    Afghan police and guard for USPI, interview with author in Kabul, November 2005.
83    Afghan officer in interior ministry, interview with author, November 2005.
84    Bill Dupre, interview with author at USPI headquarters in Kabul, October/November 2005.
85    Ibid.
86    Din Mohammed Jorat, interview with author in Kabul, October 2005.
87    Ibid.
88    DynCorp in Kabul provided these statistics, March 2006.
89    Center for Public Integrity, website http://www.publicintegrity.org/wow/bio.aspx?act=pro&ddlC=17,
90    Ibid.
91    DynCorp official in Kabul, March 11, 2006.
92    John Crewdson, “Sex scandal still haunts DynCorp,” Chicago Tribune, May 13, 2002.
93    Several Afghan interpreters and expatriates in Kabul, interviews with author, September 2005.
94    DynCorp official, interview with author in Kabul, November 2005.
95    BBC News, website, “DynCorp guards chastised by US State Department,” October 14, 2004.
96    Ibid.
97    Mark Kimble, “Former police chief joins DynCorp to help Afghan police force,” Tucson Citizen, November 24, 2004.
98    DynCorp official, interview in Kabul with author, November 2005.
99    Ibid.
100    State Department official, interview with author in Washington, DC, August 2005.
101    Senior official, Afghan interior ministry in Kabul, October 2005.
102    Mirza Mohammad Yarmand, interview with author in Kabul, October 2005.
103    State Department statistics, phone interview with author from Washington, DC, March 14, 2006.
104    Government Accountability Office, Afghanistan Security: Efforts to Establish Army and Police Have Made Progress, but Future Plans Need to be Better Defined, June 2005,
105    State Department official, interview with author in Washington, DC, August 2005.
106    DynCorp official, interview with author in Kabul, November 2005.
107    DynCorp trainer, interview with author in Kabul, November 2005.
108    DynCorp official, phone interview with author, March 2006.
109    United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, “Afghanistan Opium Survey, 2004”
110    Afghan interior ministry general, interview with author, November 2005.
111    Afghan police in the poppy elimination team, interview with author, November 2005.
112    State Department official, interview with author in Kabul, December 2005.
113    Pam O’Toole, “Afghans probe ‘poppy spray’ claim,” BBC News online, February 8, 2005, Afghan government officials’ discussions with author in Kabul and Kandahar, December 2004.
114    DynCorp official and State Department officials, interviews with author, fall 2005.
115    Jeffrey St. Clair, Alexander Cockburn, “Farmers Fight DynCorp’s Chemwar on the Amazon” Counterpunch, Feb. 27. 2002
116    Martin Jelsma, Transnational Institute researcher, email to author, December 7, 2005.
117    Farmers in Parwan, interviews with author in Parwan, October 2005.
118    Chemonics website http://www.chemonics.com/projects/submit_search_contracts
119    Center for Public Integrity website http://www.publicintegrity.org/wow/bio.aspx?act=pro&ddlC=8
120    Author’s visit to Parwan RAMP projects, October 2005.
121    Abdul Hafiz, interview with author in Parwan, October 2005.
122    Ibid.
123    Visit to Parwan RAMP projects, October 2005.

return to table of contents