general secretary of the General Confederation of Workers of Burkina is
demanding "the end of privatisation of state-run companies, a true and
accurate accounting for previous privatisations, and the punishment of
(officials) found guilty of committing financial crimes while managing
While government agreed at the start of the privatisation
process in 1991 to consult unions in the sale of state assets, workers
are unhappy with the way in which these negotiations have taken place.
This has prompted Sagnon to call for the employees of public companies
to be involved in "all decisions that affect their lives and the future
of the country".
The increased concern on the part of workers concerning the
latest wave of privatisations is perhaps due to the fact that several
firms up for sale are in strategic sectors such as telecommunications,
electricity and water provision – and the supply of petroleum. These
companies include the Burkinabe Precious Metals Syndicate and two
companies that are responsible for mines and geology, and water
management and purification respectively.
"We are apprehensive," says Georges Kouanda, a staff
representative from the National Electricity Company of Burkina
(Société nationale d’électricité du Burkina, SONABEL). "The studies on
this subject show that this reform will in no way benefit the Burkinabe
government nor, more specifically, SONABEL personnel."
These words are echoed by Sagnon.
"Right now, electricity is already expensive. It will be even more expensive after privatization," he told IPS.
At present, SONABEL supplies electricity across almost 14
percent of Burkina Faso’s territory – a figure it plans to increase to
60 percent within the next decade.
"To reach this goal, a huge investment programme...has been
adopted, estimated at 240 billion CFA francs (about 480 million
dollars)," Cheick Omar Bony of the company’s communications office told
For its part, government maintains that workers have been kept abreast of developments in the privatisation process.
"The rights of workers in the privatised enterprises have been
respected," Commerce and Business Promotion Minister Benoit Ouattara
said at a press conference recently. "No privatisations have been
conducted without first consulting worker representatives."
The sale of public companies, adds Placide Some, president of
the National Privatisation Commission, is also central to "improving
the quality of service and reducing costs to support growth" at state
In addition, the Ministry of Finance points out that
subsidising loss-making government companies has taken a heavy toll on
In 1991, the state needed about 41 million dollars to keep a
number of companies which have since been privatised afloat. However,
the profits from selling off these firms netted government a profit of
over 43 million dollars by December 2003. The companies in question
included Air Burkina, and the Burkina Leather and Pelt Company.
Government also claims that investments in these enterprises
rose from 4.6 million dollars in 1991 to 50 million dollars by the end
But, say workers, these figures tell only part of the story.
"Each privatisation leads to new lay offs," Moussa Kaboré, who lost his job in a government transport firm, told IPS.
And, he says, such lay offs have far-reaching consequences in
Burkina Faso, where people have large families: "In a country where a
worker supports about ten people, you can understand why we resist
privatisations which lead to hardship."
Sidy Barry, a lawyer who teaches at the National School of
Administration and Magistracy, questions whether government may be
failing in its responsibilities to Burkinabe citizens by selling off
"Who better than the state can take care of people? By
privatising companies of this sort, isn’t (government) simply
mortgaging the development of the country and its people?" he asks.
In instances where privatisation does go ahead, economist
Moussa Nogo believes a more considered approach needs to be adopted.
The sale of state assets, he says, needs to be combined with
developing the "participation of personnel (from government
companies)...and small investors" in the private sector.
To date, 27 state-owned firms have been privatised (END/2005)
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