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Swing States and Electronic Voting Machines

September 7th, 2004

Touch screen voting machines will account for approximately 30% of the votes cast in the U.S. elections this November. In 20 swing states, where the election is expected to be close, 14 states (representing over 200 electoral votes) will be using electronic voting, many for the first time. Because U.S. national elections are won or lost on a state-by-state basis, results in these 20 states will likely determine the winner. (A total of 270 electoral votes are needed to win the presidential election.) Nevada will be the first state to have a paper audit trail for its new machines, and some states have implemented DREs in only some of the counties in the state. For example after objections were raised in Ohio, only 6 counties will be using DREs. In Florida, 15 of 67 counties, including Miami-Dade and Broward will use the new machines. (County by county breakdowns for all states are available at
The maps below show which swing states have implemented electronic voting and show current polling data which indicates which candidate is believed most likely to win the state's electoral votes. Poll data is a composite of recent Zogby, Rasmussen, Scripps Howard and other published polls. Data compilation and Kerry vs. Bush map courtesy of


(Above) Swing states in green and yellow, yellow states will be using electronc voting machines in some counties.

(Above) States leaning toward Kerry: blue and light blue; States leaning toward Bush: red and pink